wiki:CompileOnWindows

Version 25 (modified by cnielsen, 13 years ago) ( diff )

Changed to mostly downloaded deps

An overview of the dependencies required for building with MingW

We would like use a simplified approach with pre-built libraries for all the GRASS dependencies but for the moment compiling many of the dependencies is required in order to have the proper files for grass. Still, a few steps are eliminated if compilation is done within the OSGeo4W directory structure.

Install the OSGeo4W directory structure

OSGeo4W has several of the required dependencies for compiling GRASS:

  1. Download the OSGeo4W installer from here.
  1. Run the installer.
  1. Select Advanced Install, and Next.
  1. Set the install directory to c:\OSGeo4W (other directories or fine if there are no spaces in the path but make sure to adjust the instructions below (?))
  1. Select grass from the desktop section (this is a binary but we'll compile from source later).
  1. Also select:
    • avce00
    • fftw-devel
    • freetype-devel
    • freetype-devel-mingw
    • gpsbabel
    • gsl-libs
    • gsl-devel
    • libxdr
    • msys
    • pdcurses-devel
    • tcltk-devel
  1. Click next, the selected packages and their required subpackages will be downloaded and installed automatically.

Install the environment for compilation (MingW)

  1. Run msys (there should be an icon on the desktop)
  1. type:
     mkdir /c/osgeo4w/apps/msys/osgeo4w
    
  2. Copy c:\osgeo4w\apps\msys\etc\fstab.sample to c:\osgeo4w\apps\msys\etc\fstab (without .sample)
  1. Open c:\osgeo4w\apps\msys\etc\fstab
  1. At line 16, change:
    c:/mingw		/mingw
    c:/ActiveState/perl	/perl
    

To:

c:/osgeo4w/	/osgeo4w
  1. Download the MinGW packages:
  1. Unpack all to c:\osgeo4w

Pre-built Binaries

Download:

Unpack all to c:\osgeo4w

Libjpeg

  1. Download libjpeg from here
  1. Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src
  1. In MSYS console, type:
    cd /osgeo4w/usr/src/jpeg-6b
    ./configure --prefix=/osgeo4w --enable-shared
    make
    mkdir /osgeo4w/man/man1
    make install
    
  2. Because make procedure doesn't create the shared library (even if enabled by configure), we need to build it manually:

(As a hint, you can copy the below and paste int msys with Shift+Insert)

COMOBJECTS="jcomapi.o jutils.o jerror.o jmemmgr.o jmemnobs.o"
CLIBOBJECTS="jcapimin.o jcapistd.o jctrans.o jcparam.o \
jdatadst.o jcinit.o jcmaster.o jcmarker.o jcmainct.o \
jcprepct.o jccoefct.o jccolor.o jcsample.o jchuff.o \
jcphuff.o jcdctmgr.o jfdctfst.o jfdctflt.o jfdctint.o"
DLIBOBJECTS="jdapimin.o jdapistd.o jdtrans.o jdatasrc.o \
jdmaster.o jdinput.o jdmarker.o jdhuff.o jdphuff.o \
jdmainct.o jdcoefct.o jdpostct.o jddctmgr.o \
jidctfst.o jidctflt.o jidctint.o jidctred.o \
jdsample.o jdcolor.o jquant1.o jquant2.o jdmerge.o"
LIBOBJECTS="$CLIBOBJECTS $DLIBOBJECTS $COMOBJECTS"
COBJECTS="cjpeg.o rdppm.o rdgif.o rdtarga.o rdrle.o rdbmp.o rdswitch.o cdjpeg.o"
DOBJECTS="djpeg.o wrppm.o wrgif.o wrtarga.o wrrle.o wrbmp.o rdcolmap.o cdjpeg.o"
TROBJECTS="jpegtran.o rdswitch.o cdjpeg.o transupp.o"
for i in *.exe ; do rm /osgeo4w/bin/$i ; done
rm *.exe
cd .libs
rm libjpeg.a
rm /osgeo4w/lib/libjpeg.a
cd ..
gcc -shared -s -o ./.libs/libjpeg.dll -lm -Wl,--out-implib,./.libs/libjpeg.a  $LIBOBJECTS
gcc -s -g -O2 -o cjpeg.exe $COBJECTS -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
gcc -s -g -O2 -o djpeg.exe $DOBJECTS -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
gcc -s -g -O2 -o jpegtran.exe $TROBJECTS -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
gcc -s -g -O2 -o rdjpgcom.exe rdjpgcom.o -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
gcc -s -g -O2 -o wrjpgcom.exe wrjpgcom.o -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
cd .libs
install libjpeg.a /osgeo4w/lib
install libjpeg.dll /osgeo4w/bin
cd ..
for i in *.exe ; do install $i /osgeo4w/bin ; done

(Again as an aside, we could put the following into a jpeg-headers package (with proper attributes?):

  • /osgeo4w/lib/libjpeg.a
  • /osgeo4w/bin/libjpeg.dll
  • /osgeo4w/bin/cjpeg.exe
  • /osgeo4w/bin/djpeg.exe
  • /osgeo4w/bin/jpegtran.exe
  • /osgeo4w/bin/rdjpgcom.exe
  • /osgeo4w/bin/wrjpgcom.exe)

PostgreSQL

  1. Download pgsql from here
  1. Unpack to c:\osgeo4w
  1. Open c:\osgeo4w\postgresql-8.3.6\src\test\regress\pg_regress.c
  1. At line 51 change:
    char	   *bindir = PGBINDIR;
    char	   *libdir = LIBDIR;
    char	   *datadir = PGSHAREDIR;
    

To:

char	   *bindir = "/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/bin";
char	   *libdir = "/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/lib";
char	   *datadir = "/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/share";
  1. Open c:\osgeo4w\postgresql-8.3.6\src\interfaces\libpq\crypt.c
  1. At line 108 change:
    typedef int int32_t;
    

To:

/*typedef int int32_t;*/
  1. In the msys console type:
    cd /osgeo4w/postgresql-8.3.6
    ./configure --prefix=/osgeo4w \
    --with-includes=/osgeo4w/include \
    --with-libraries=/osgeo4w/lib \
    --without-readline
    make -f GNUmakefile
    make install -f GNUmakefile
    

SQLite

  1. Download sqlite3 from here
  1. Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src
./configure --prefix=/osgeo4w
make
make install

PROJ.4

  1. Download PROJ.4 from here
  1. Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src
  1. Download the US, Canadian and New Zealand datum shift grids from here
  1. Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\proj-4.6.0\nad
  1. In MSYS console, type:
    cd /osgeo4w/usr/src/proj-4.6.0
    ./configure --prefix=/osgeo4w --enable-shared --disable-static
    make
    make install
    

Because make procedure doesn't create shared library (even if enabled by configure), we need to build it manually:

cd src
for i in *.exe ; do rm /osgeo4w/bin/$i ; done
rm /osgeo4w/bin/invgeod.exe
rm /osgeo4w/bin/invproj.exe
rm *.exe
cd .libs
rm libproj.a
rm /osgeo4w/lib/libproj.a
gcc -shared -s -o libproj.dll -lm -Wl,--out-implib,libproj.a *.o
cd ..
gcc -s -g -O2 -o cs2cs.exe cs2cs.o gen_cheb.o p_series.o .libs/emess.o -L./.libs/ -lproj
gcc -s -g -O2 -o geod.exe geod.o geod_set.o geod_for.o geod_inv.o .libs/emess.o -L./.libs/ -lproj
gcc -s -g -O2 -o nad2bin.exe nad2bin.o -L./.libs/ -lproj
gcc -s -g -O2 -o nad2nad.exe nad2nad.o .libs/emess.o -L./.libs/ -lproj
gcc -s -g -O2 -o proj.exe proj.o gen_cheb.o p_series.o .libs/emess.o -L./.libs/ -lproj
cp proj.exe invproj.exe
cp geod.exe invgeod.exe
cd .libs
install libproj.a /osgeo4w/lib
install libproj.dll /osgeo4w/bin
cd ..
for i in *.exe ; do install $i /osgeo4w/bin ; done

GDAL

Untested: so far gdal-1.5.2 won't compile, perhaps try a newer (or older) version

  1. Download gdal from here
  1. Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src
  1. Open c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\gdal-1.5.2\configure
  1. At line 23832 replace:
    expat_lib_flags="-L$expat_prefix/lib -lexpat"
    

with:

LIBS="$LIBS -L$expat_prefix/lib -lexpat"
  1. In MSYS console, type:
    cd /usr/local/src/gdal-1.5.2
    ./configure --prefix=/osego4w \
    --without-grass \
    --with-sqlite3=/osgeo4w/apps/sqlite \
    --with-pg=/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/bin/pg_config.exe
    
  2. Open c:\msys\local\src\gdal-1.5.2\GNUmakefile
  3. After line 4 add:
        GDAL_ROOT=.
    
  4. Finally build and install GDAL:
    make -f GNUmakefile
    make install -f GNUmakefile
    

Compiling and Installing GRASS (6.4.0)

Without a fix for gdal, there will be several errors... help please

  1. Download the latest GRASS 6.4.0 source code from here.
  1. Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src
  1. Download the installer script package.sh from here and put in c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\grass-6.4xxx
  1. Open package.sh and at line 12:

Change:

--with-libs="/c/OSGeo4W/lib /c/MinGW/lib" \
--with-includes="/c/OSGeo4W/include /c/MinGW/include" \

to:

--with-libs=/c/OSGeo4W/lib \
--with-includes=/c/OSGeo4W/include \
  1. To compile, type in MSYS console:
    export PATH="/osgeo4w/bin:/osgeo4w/apps/tcl-tk/bin:$PATH"
    cd /osgeo4w/usr/src/grass-6.4xxx (change to dir of the version you downloaded)
    package.sh
    

When finished, you should have the following compilation log (c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\grass-6.4xxx\error.log):

GRASS GIS compilation log
-------------------------
Started compilation: Mon Feb 16 10:11:17 GMT 2009
--
Errors in:
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.daemon
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.edgedensity
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.patchdensity
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.patchnum
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.shape
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.simpson
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.shannon
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.mps
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.mpa
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.padcv
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.padsd
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.padrange
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.cwed
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.richness
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.dominance
--
In case of errors please change into the directory with error and run 'make'.
If you get multiple errors, you need to deal with them in the order they
appear in the error log. If you get an error building a library, you will
also get errors from anything which uses the library.
--
Finished compilation: Mon Feb 16 10:11:17 GMT 2009
make: *** [default] Error 1

Currently r.li.* cannot be compiled on Windows.

Now GRASS should be installed in c:\osgeo4w\apps\grass-6.4.0\

Usage

The startup grass64.bat file should be in C:\OSGeo4W\apps\grass\bin Open it and replace the contents with:

@echo off
SET OSGEO4W_ROOT=C:\OSGeo4W
PATH %OSGEO4W_ROOT%\bin;%PATH%
for %%f in ("%OSGEO4W_ROOT%"\etc\ini\*.bat) do call "%%f"

rem #########################################################################
rem #
rem #		GRASS Initialization
rem #
rem #########################################################################

set WINGISBASE=%OSGEO4W_ROOT%/apps/grass/grass-6.4xxx (change to the appropriate grass version)
"%WINGISBASE%"\etc\init.bat %*

If you want to be able to use the console from within grass, you'll need a different startup file: Create C:\OSGeo4W\apps\grass\bin\grass64 with the following contents:

#! /bin/sh
#############################################################################
#
# MODULE:   	GRASS Initialization
# AUTHOR(S):	Justin Hickey - Thailand - jhickey@hpcc.nectec.or.th
# PURPOSE:  	The source file for this shell script is in
#   	    	lib/init/grass.src and is the grass startup script. It
#   	    	requires a source file because the definition of GISBASE
#   	    	is not known until compile time and is substituted from the
#   	    	Makefile. Any command line options are passed to Init.sh.
# COPYRIGHT:    (C) 2000-2005 by the GRASS Development Team
#
#               This program is free software under the GNU General Public
#   	    	License (>=v2). Read the file COPYING that comes with GRASS
#   	    	for details.
#
#############################################################################

trap "echo 'User break!' ; exit" 2 3 9 15

# Set the GISBASE variable
GISBASE=/c/OSGeo4W/apps/grass/grass-6.4xxx (change to the appropriate grass version)
export GISBASE

# Set the PATH variable
PATH="/osgeo4w/apps/tcl-tk/bin:/osgeo4w/apps/sqlite/bin:/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/lib:$PATH"
export PATH

# Set the PYTHONPATH
PYTHONPATH="$GISBASE/etc/python:$PYTHONPATH"

exec "$GISBASE/etc/Init.sh" "$@"

TODO

Describe installations of:

  • other deps?

Building with MS Visual Studio

See also

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