wiki:CompileOnWindows

Version 13 (modified by cnielsen, 13 years ago) ( diff )

--

An overview of the dependencies required for building with MingW

We would like use a simplified approach with pre-built libraries for all the GRASS dependencies but for the moment compiling many of the dependencies is required in order to have the proper files for grass. Still, a few steps are eliminated if compilation is done within the OSGeo4W directory structure.

Install the OSGeo4W directory structure

OSGeo4W has several of the required dependencies for compiling GRASS:

  1. Download the OSGeo4W installer from here.
  2. Run the installer.
  3. Select Advanced Install, and Next.
  4. Set the install directory to c:\OSGeo4W (other directories or fine if there are no spaces in the path but make sure to adjust the instructions below (?))
  5. Select grass from the desktop section (this is a binary but we'll compile from source later).
  6. Also select msys from the command line section and libxdr from libs
  7. Click next, the selected packages and their required subpackages will be downloaded and installed automatically.

Install the environment for compilation (MingW)

  1. Run msys (there should be an icon on the desktop)
  2. type:
     mkdir /c/osgeo4w/apps/msys/osgeo4w
    
  3. Open c:\osgeo4w\apps\msys\etc\fstab.sample
  4. Add the line below and save as fstab
    c:\osgeo4w\	/osgeo4w
    
  5. Download the MinGW packages:

mingw32-make from here gcc-core from here gcc-g++ from here w32api from here mingw-utils from here

Unpack to c:\osgeo4w

Flex & Bison

Download: flex from here bison from here bison-deps from here

Unpack all to c:\osgeo4w

PDCurses

Download PDCurses from here

Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\ open c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\PDCurses-3.3\win32\mingwin32.mak at line 80 replace

-copy

with

-cp

Run msys (from desktop icon) and at the prompt type:

    cd /osgeo4w/usr/src/PDCurses-3.3/win32
    make 
    install libcurses.a /osgeo4w/lib
    install pdcurses.dll /osgeo4w/bin
    cd ..
    install -m 644 curses.h /osgeo4w/include

Zlib

Download zlib from here

Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\ Open c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\zlib-1.2.3\win32\Makefile.gcc

Replace line 102 with:

    INCLUDE_PATH=/osgeo4w/include
    LIBRARY_PATH=/osgeo4w/lib
    SHARED_LIBRARY_PATH=/osgeo4w/bin

At lines 109-110 delete:

    -@if not exist $(INCLUDE_PATH)/nul mkdir $(INCLUDE_PATH)
    -@if not exist $(LIBRARY_PATH)/nul mkdir $(LIBRARY_PATH)

After line 111 add:

    -$(INSTALL) $(SHAREDLIB) $(SHARED_LIBRARY_PATH)

After line 118 add:

    -$(RM) $(SHARED_LIBRARY_PATH)/$(SHAREDLIB)

Run msys (from desktop icon) and at the prompt type:

    cd /osgeo4w/usr/src/zlib-1.2.3
    make -f win32/Makefile.gcc
    make install -f win32/Makefile.gcc

(As an aside, we could probably put the following files into a zlib-headers package:

/osgeo4w/include/zlib.h /osgeo4w/include/zconf.h /osgeo4w/bin/zlib1.dll /osgeo4w/lib/libz.a /osgeo4w/lib/libzdll.a)

Regex

Download regex from here

Unpack to c:\osgeo4w

Libjpeg

Download libjpeg from here

Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src

In MSYS console, type:

cd /osgeo4w/usr/src/jpeg-6b
./configure --prefix=/osgeo4w --enable-shared
make
mkdir /osgeo4w/man/man1
make install

Because make procedure doesn't create the shared library (even if enabled by configure), we need to build it manually: (As a hint, you can copy the below and paste int msys with Shift+Insert)

COMOBJECTS="jcomapi.o jutils.o jerror.o jmemmgr.o jmemnobs.o"
CLIBOBJECTS="jcapimin.o jcapistd.o jctrans.o jcparam.o \
jdatadst.o jcinit.o jcmaster.o jcmarker.o jcmainct.o \
jcprepct.o jccoefct.o jccolor.o jcsample.o jchuff.o \
jcphuff.o jcdctmgr.o jfdctfst.o jfdctflt.o jfdctint.o"
DLIBOBJECTS="jdapimin.o jdapistd.o jdtrans.o jdatasrc.o \
jdmaster.o jdinput.o jdmarker.o jdhuff.o jdphuff.o \
jdmainct.o jdcoefct.o jdpostct.o jddctmgr.o \
jidctfst.o jidctflt.o jidctint.o jidctred.o \
jdsample.o jdcolor.o jquant1.o jquant2.o jdmerge.o"
LIBOBJECTS="$CLIBOBJECTS $DLIBOBJECTS $COMOBJECTS"
COBJECTS="cjpeg.o rdppm.o rdgif.o rdtarga.o rdrle.o rdbmp.o rdswitch.o cdjpeg.o"
DOBJECTS="djpeg.o wrppm.o wrgif.o wrtarga.o wrrle.o wrbmp.o rdcolmap.o cdjpeg.o"
TROBJECTS="jpegtran.o rdswitch.o cdjpeg.o transupp.o"
for i in *.exe ; do rm /osgeo4w/bin/$i ; done
rm *.exe
cd .libs
rm libjpeg.a
rm /osgeo4w/lib/libjpeg.a
cd ..
gcc -shared -s -o ./.libs/libjpeg.dll -lm -Wl,--out-implib,./.libs/libjpeg.a  $LIBOBJECTS
gcc -s -g -O2 -o cjpeg.exe $COBJECTS -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
gcc -s -g -O2 -o djpeg.exe $DOBJECTS -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
gcc -s -g -O2 -o jpegtran.exe $TROBJECTS -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
gcc -s -g -O2 -o rdjpgcom.exe rdjpgcom.o -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
gcc -s -g -O2 -o wrjpgcom.exe wrjpgcom.o -L./.libs/ -ljpeg
cd .libs
install libjpeg.a /osgeo4w/lib
install libjpeg.dll /osgeo4w/bin
cd ..
for i in *.exe ; do install $i /osgeo4w/bin ; done

(Again as an aside, we could put the following into a jpeg-headers package (with proper attributes?):

/osgeo4w/lib/libjpeg.a /osgeo4w/bin/libjpeg.dll /osgeo4w/bin/cjpeg.exe /osgeo4w/bin/djpeg.exe /osgeo4w/bin/jpegtran.exe /osgeo4w/bin/rdjpgcom.exe /osgeo4w/bin/wrjpgcom.exe)

PostgreSQL

Download pgsql from here

Unpack to c:\osgeo4w open c:\osgeo4w\postgresql-8.3.6\src\test\regress\pg_regress.c At line 51 change: char *bindir = PGBINDIR; char *libdir = LIBDIR; char *datadir = PGSHAREDIR;

to: char *bindir = "/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/bin"; char *libdir = "/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/lib"; char *datadir = "/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/share";

In msys console type:

cd /osgeo4w/postgresql-8.3.6
./configure --prefix=/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql \
--with-includes=/osgeo4w/include \
--with-libraries=/osgeo4w/lib \
--without-readline
make -f GNUmakefile
make install -f GNUmakefile

SQLite

Download sqlite3 from here

Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src

./configure --prefix=/osgeo4w/apps/sqlite
make
make install

GDAL

Untested

Get gdal <http://download.osgeo.org/gdal/gdal-1.5.2.tar.gz>

Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src Open c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\gdal-1.5.2\configure At line 23832 replace:

expat_lib_flags="-L$expat_prefix/lib -lexpat"

with:

LIBS="$LIBS -L$expat_prefix/lib -lexpat"

In MSYS console, type:

cd /usr/local/src/gdal-1.5.2
./configure --prefix=/osego4w \
--without-grass \
--with-sqlite3=/osgeo4w/apps/sqlite \
--with-pg=/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/bin/pg_config.exe

Open c:\msys\local\src\gdal-1.5.2\GNUmakefile After line 4 add:

    GDAL_ROOT=.

Finally build and install GDAL:

make -f GNUmakefile
make install -f GNUmakefile

Tcl/Tk (skip if only compiling grass7)

Untested

Download Tcl from here Download Tk from here

Unpack both to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src In the msys console type:

cd /osgeo4w/usr/src/tcl8.5.2/win
./configure --prefix=/osgeo4w/apps/tcl-tk --enable-shared
make
make install
cd /osgeo4w/apps/tcl-tk/bin
mv tclsh85.exe tclsh.exe
cd /osgeo4w/usr/src/tk8.5.2/win
./configure --prefix=/osgeo4w/apps/tcl-tk --with-tcl=/osgeo4w/usr/src/tcl8.5.2/win --enable-shared
make
make install
cd /osgeo4w/apps/tcl-tk/bin
mv wish85.exe wish.exe

Compiling and Installing GRASS (6.4.0)

  • Download the latest GRASS 6.4.0 source code from here.
  • Unpack to c:\osgeo4w\usr\src
  • Download the installer script package.sh from here and put in c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\grass-6.4xxx
  • Open package.sh and at line 12:

Change:

--with-libs="/c/OSGeo4W/lib /c/MinGW/lib" \
--with-includes="/c/OSGeo4W/include /c/MinGW/include" \

to:

--with-libs=/c/OSGeo4W/lib \
--with-includes=/c/OSGeo4W/include \

To compile, type in MSYS console:

export PATH="/osgeo4w/bin:/osgeo4w/apps/tcl-tk/bin:/osgeo4w/apps/sqlite/bin:/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/lib:$PATH"
cd /osgeo4w/usr/src/grass-6.4xxx (change to dir of the version you downloaded)
package.sh

When finished, you should have the following compilation log (c:\osgeo4w\usr\src\grass-6.4xxx\error.log):

GRASS GIS compilation log
-------------------------
Started compilation: Mon Feb 16 10:11:17 GMT 2009
--
Errors in:
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.daemon
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.edgedensity
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.patchdensity
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.patchnum
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.shape
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.simpson
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.shannon
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.mps
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.mpa
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.padcv
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.padsd
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.padrange
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.cwed
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.richness
/usr/local/src/grass-6.4.0/raster/r.li/r.li.dominance
--
In case of errors please change into the directory with error and run 'make'.
If you get multiple errors, you need to deal with them in the order they
appear in the error log. If you get an error building a library, you will
also get errors from anything which uses the library.
--
Finished compilation: Mon Feb 16 10:11:17 GMT 2009
make: *** [default] Error 1

Currently r.li.* cannot be compiled on Windows.

Now GRASS should be installed in c:\osgeo4w\apps\grass-6.4.0\

Usage

The startup grass64.bat file should be in C:\OSGeo4W\apps\grass\bin Open it and replace the contents with:

@echo off
SET OSGEO4W_ROOT=C:\OSGeo4W
PATH %OSGEO4W_ROOT%\bin;%PATH%
for %%f in ("%OSGEO4W_ROOT%"\etc\ini\*.bat) do call "%%f"

rem #########################################################################
rem #
rem #		GRASS Initialization
rem #
rem #########################################################################

set WINGISBASE=%OSGEO4W_ROOT%/apps/grass/grass-6.4xxx (change to the appropriate grass version)
"%WINGISBASE%"\etc\init.bat %*

If you want to be able to use the console from within grass, you'll need a different startup file: Create C:\OSGeo4W\apps\grass\bin\grass64 with the following contents:

#! /bin/sh
#############################################################################
#
# MODULE:   	GRASS Initialization
# AUTHOR(S):	Justin Hickey - Thailand - jhickey@hpcc.nectec.or.th
# PURPOSE:  	The source file for this shell script is in
#   	    	lib/init/grass.src and is the grass startup script. It
#   	    	requires a source file because the definition of GISBASE
#   	    	is not known until compile time and is substituted from the
#   	    	Makefile. Any command line options are passed to Init.sh.
# COPYRIGHT:    (C) 2000-2005 by the GRASS Development Team
#
#               This program is free software under the GNU General Public
#   	    	License (>=v2). Read the file COPYING that comes with GRASS
#   	    	for details.
#
#############################################################################

trap "echo 'User break!' ; exit" 2 3 9 15

# Set the GISBASE variable
GISBASE=/c/OSGeo4W/apps/grass/grass-6.4xxx (change to the appropriate grass version)
export GISBASE

# Set the PATH variable
PATH="/osgeo4w/apps/tcl-tk/bin:/osgeo4w/apps/sqlite/bin:/osgeo4w/apps/pgsql/lib:$PATH"
export PATH

# Set the PYTHONPATH
PYTHONPATH="$GISBASE/etc/python:$PYTHONPATH"

exec "$GISBASE/etc/Init.sh" "$@"

TODO

Describe installations of:

  • other deps?

Building with MS Visual Studio

See also

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