wiki:UsersWikiPostGIS23UbuntuPGSQL96Apt

The PostgreSQL Apt Repository now hosts installs of PostGIS, pgRouting, in addition to Postgresql and PGAdmin.

The following describes how to install Postgresql 9.6, PostGIS 2.3, pgRouting 2.3, PGAdmin on Ubuntu version 16.04. It is assumed to also work on Linux Mint, Lubuntu, and Xubuntu.

Run these in terminal:

Verify what version of Ubuntu you are running

sudo lsb_release -a 

Add Respository to sources.list

You'll need to replace the nickname below with what you are running. Note to replace the word trusty with whatever version lsb states

Helper on http://www.postgresql.org/download/linux/ubuntu/

For xenial (16.04.2 LTS)

sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt xenial-pgdg main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list'

Add Keys

wget --quiet -O - http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt/ACCC4CF8.asc | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get update

Install

The following will install postgresql 9.6, PostGIS 2.3, PGAdmin4, pgRouting 2.3 and additional supplied modules including the adminpack extension:

sudo apt-get install postgresql-9.6
sudo apt-get install postgresql-9.6-postgis-2.3 postgresql-contrib-9.6

#to get the commandline tools shp2pgsql, raster2pgsql you need to do this
sudo apt-get install postgis

To get pgRouting

# Install pgRouting 2.3 package 
sudo apt-get install postgresql-9.6-pgrouting

Enable Adminpack

While in terminal, log in to the psql console as postgres user:

sudo -u postgres psql
CREATE EXTENSION adminpack;

Never install PostGIS in the postgres database, create a user database You can also enable the PostGIS extension here (or with the GUI as described below):

sudo -u postgres psql
CREATE DATABASE gisdb;
\connect gisdb;

CREATE SCHEMA postgis;
ALTER DATABASE gisdb SET search_path=public, postgis, contrib;
\connect gisdb;  -- this is to force new search path to take effect
CREATE EXTENSION postgis SCHEMA postgis;
SELECT postgis_full_version();

should give you output something like this:

                                                                           postgis_full_version
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 POSTGIS="2.3.2 r15302" GEOS="3.5.0-CAPI-1.9.0 r4084" PROJ="Rel. 4.9.2, 08 September 2015" GDAL="GDAL 1.11.3, released 2015/09/16" LIBXML="2.9.3" LIBJSON="0.11.99" RASTER
(1 row)

Installing postgis_sfcgal, if you need advanced 3D support

CREATE EXTENSION postgis_sfcgal SCHEMA postgis;
SELECT postgis_full_version();

should give you:

                                                                                   postgis_full_version
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 POSTGIS="2.3.2 r15302" GEOS="3.5.0-CAPI-1.9.0 r4084" SFCGAL="1.2.2" PROJ="Rel. 4.9.2, 08 September 2015" GDAL="GDAL 1.11.3, released 2015/09/16" LIBXML="2.9.3" LIBJSON="0.11.99" RASTER
(1 row)

Install pgRouting

CREATE  EXTENSION pgrouting;
SELECT * FROM pgr_version();

should give you:

 version |  tag   |   hash    | branch | boost
---------+--------+-----------+--------+--------
 2.3.2   | v2.3.2 | 1f2af3c52 | master | 1.58.0
(1 row)

Exit the psql console:

\q

Open Access to Clients

If you need to allow access from external, you can do this as well

sudo -u postgres psql
ALTER SYSTEM SET listen_addresses='*'; 
\q

You may need to edit to pg_hba.conf and/or pg_ident.conf to allow external access

sudo nano /etc/postgresql/9.6/main/pg_hba.conf

If you need external access, scroll to the bottom of the pg_hba.conf file and add a line like this (which willa llow all clients with md5 password encrypt authentication (right after the local rules):

hostssl    all             all             0.0.0.0/0               md5

Click CTRL-X to save your changes, Y to write them to the file, and enter to exit.

If you change ip or port, you need to do a service restart.

sudo service postgresql restart 

Note: you can also do from postgres psql console with below - only for changes that don't require restart)

SELECT pg_reload_conf();

Optional: check location of configuration files:

From the psql console(see above):

SELECT name, setting FROM pg_settings where category='File Locations';

Which will output something like:

       name        |                 setting
-------------------+------------------------------------------
 config_file       | /etc/postgresql/9.6/main/postgresql.conf
 data_directory    | /var/lib/postgresql/9.6/main
 external_pid_file | /var/run/postgresql/9.6-main.pid
 hba_file          | /etc/postgresql/9.6/main/pg_hba.conf
 ident_file        | /etc/postgresql/9.6/main/pg_ident.conf
(5 rows)

Create new PGSQL user

You can create a new database super user to use instead of the default postgres user.

While in terminal, run:

sudo -u postgres psql
CREATE ROLE mysuperuser LOGIN PASSWORD 'whatever' SUPERUSER;

Import SHP files using shp2pgsql-gui

Another handy piece of software shp2pgsql-gui tool. This will allow you to quickly connect to your new PostGIS database and import a Shapefile. Note this will only work if you have Ubuntu with a desktop (not a headless Ubuntu)

Open terminal, and type:

sudo apt-get install postgis-gui

(Note: this is coming from the main Ubuntu software repository, as it seems the PostgreSQL APT repository doesn't package SHP2PGSQL-GUI anymore...)

Now open the SHP2PGSQL application:

shp2pgsql-gui

Follow the on-screen prompts to load your data.

For more information, visit the Boston GIS tutorial in the section "Load Towns Data"

ogr_fdw foreign data wrapper for spatial data

Unfortunately seems PostgreSQL Apt does not include ogr_fdw spatial data wrapper. The wrapper utilizes GDAL, so much of plumbing needed is already installed for you as part of PostGIS. Compiling isn't too difficult. On a vanilla Ubuntu, I was able to compile and install with following:

#for compiling ogr_fdw
cd ~/
mkdir sources
cd sources
sudo apt-get install git
sudo apt-get install postgresql-server-dev-9.6
sudo apt-get install make
sudo apt-get install gcc
sudo apt-get install libgdal1-dev

sudo git clone -b master https://github.com/pramsey/pgsql-ogr-fdw.git pgsql_ogr_fdw
cd pgsql_ogr_fdw
export PATH=/usr/lib/postgresql/9.6/bin:$PATH 
make && make install

After you're done compiling and installing the binary, you can install the ogr_fdw extension in your database

sudo -u postgres psql
\connect gisdb;
CREATE EXTENSION ogr_fdw SCHEMA postgis;
CREATE SCHEMA IF NOT EXISTS staging ;

-- here I assume you have a file in root of /gis_data folder that postgres process has read rights to
-- any file that gdal can read will do e.g shape file, CSV, etc
CREATE SERVER svr_shp
  FOREIGN DATA WRAPPER ogr_fdw
  OPTIONS (
    datasource '/gis_data',
    format 'ESRI Shapefile' );


-- this will link in all your shapefile tables in folder gis_data as foreign tables
IMPORT FOREIGN SCHEMA ogr_all 
FROM SERVER svr_shp INTO staging;


Last modified 5 weeks ago Last modified on Jun 14, 2017 11:35:31 AM