= Distance related helper functions = == Find UTM Zone SRID for a point (in any SRID) == {{{ #!sql -- Function: utmzone(geometry) -- DROP FUNCTION utmzone(geometry); -- Usage: SELECT ST_Transform(the_geom, utmzone(ST_Centroid(the_geom)) ) FROM sometable; CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION utmzone(geometry) RETURNS integer AS \$BODY\$ DECLARE geomgeog geometry; zone int; pref int; BEGIN geomgeog:= ST_Transform(\$1,4326); IF (ST_Y(geomgeog))>0 THEN pref:=32600; ELSE pref:=32700; END IF; zone:=floor((ST_X(geomgeog)+180)/6)+1; RETURN zone+pref; END; \$BODY\$ LANGUAGE 'plpgsql' IMMUTABLE COST 100; }}} == An ST_Dwithin like function that uses indexes for degree point data == [http://www.postgis.org/pipermail/postgis-users/2009-June/023711.html] (use for pre PostGIS 1.5.) Also refer to [wiki:UsersWikiExamplesFindNearbyLatLon Examples Find Near by Lat Lon] Caveat from newsgroup: Here's a simple 80/20 solution for people with lon/lat tables of points wanting to do distance searches. It only works for places less than 60degrees north or south, and only for points. If you know your data is all more southerly than 60d, adjust the constant factor to make the index portion of the search more selective (and hence, efficient (faster)). {{{ #!sql -- -- ST_DWithin_Sphere(lonlat-point, lonlat-point, radius-in-meters) returns boolean -- -- Meters/Degree @ 60N: select 1/distance_sphere('POINT(0 60)','POINT(1 60)') = 1.79866403673916e-05 -- CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION ST_DWithin_Sphere(geometry, geometry, float8) RETURNS boolean AS 'SELECT \$1 && ST_Expand(\$2,\$3 * 1.79866403673916e-05) AND \$2 && ST_Expand(\$1,\$3 * 1.79866403673916e-05) AND ST_Distance_Sphere(\$1, \$2) < \$3' LANGUAGE 'SQL' IMMUTABLE; }}} * [wiki:UsersWikiNearest Neighbor Search Nearest Neighbor Search]