Opened 4 years ago

Last modified 3 years ago

#6293 closed defect

Multiple Pleiades/Airbus Tiles Don't Georegister Properly With gdalwarp — at Initial Version

Reported by: edjansing Owned by: warmerdam
Priority: high Milestone: 2.0.3
Component: default Version: unspecified
Severity: major Keywords: gdalwarp, tiles, tfw, geotiff, georegistration
Cc: bishop

Description

Attempting to use gdalwarp to georegister several MSI tiles from Airbus' Pleiades sensor. A single area is provided in several tiles. In this example, here is the MSI directory listing with two tiles:

{{{DIM_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002.XML ICON_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002.JPG IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R1C1.TFW IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R1C1.TIF IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R2C1.TFW IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R2C1.TIF INDEX.HTM LIBRARY LINEAGE MASKS PREVIEW_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002.JPG PREVIEW_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002.KMZ RPC_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002.XML}}}

The TFW files are unique between the two tiles. When I import the tiles into qgis, without any modification, it stitches them together properly, but they are not in the proper CRS (they are essentially referenced to pixel space, not to any CRS coordinate system).

When I use gdalwarp to put them in EPSG:4326, the first image is perfectly registered (the image with R1C1 as a suffix). The command used:

gdalwarp -rpc IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R1C1.TIF IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R1C1_projected.TIF

When I then gdalwarp the second image:

gdalwarp -rpc IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R2C1.TIF IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R2C1_projected.TIF

The second image does not get stitched at the bottom of the first image, but is placed at the top of the image, as if the tile starts at the same lat/lon coordinate (or at the same pixel location, whichever).

Is this normal behavior? Is there another procedure I should use? Can provide image data if helpful.

gdalwarp reports 2.0.0 as version gdalinfo on two original images:

{{{$ gdalinfo IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R1C1.TIF Driver: GTiff/GeoTIFF Files: IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R1C1.TIF

IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R1C1.TIF.aux.xml ./DIM_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002.XML ./RPC_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002.XML IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R1C1.TFW

Size is 9458, 15000 Coordinate System is `' Origin = (-1.000000000000000,3.000000000000000) Pixel Size = (4.000000000000000,-4.000000000000000) Metadata:

METADATATYPE=DIMAP TIFFTAG_DATETIME=2015:12:23 18:32:39 TIFFTAG_IMAGEDESCRIPTION=B2 B1 B0 B3 TIFFTAG_XRESOLUTION=1 TIFFTAG_YRESOLUTION=1

Image Structure Metadata:

INTERLEAVE=PIXEL

RPC Metadata:

HEIGHT_OFF=45 HEIGHT_SCALE=95 LAT_OFF=38.87154971192919 LAT_SCALE=0.1416732123880315 LINE_DEN_COEFF= 1 0.00026341144632701 -9.80822136398733e-05 -2.35953356209866e-06 -1.62170380697022e-05 -1.22640028446246e-08 1.55023313626127e-07 -1.5537111237091e-05 4.58036130936434e-05 -2.31198284873618e-05 3.2864533726195e-09 -3.06927464009735e-08 2.08793797077866e-06 -1.21475710839433e-08 1.54788420545811e-07 -4.44599257156653e-07 1.70368489248657e-09 1.33031932377729e-10 -1.54424096736091e-08 1.05222239987211e-10 LINE_NUM_COEFF= -0.000119096471843013 0.00273796193211152 -1.00367656228961 -0.000859086493278233 0.000261713135774831 2.33979663689761e-07 -2.25402196362394e-06 -0.000340119441043266 2.19730836249524e-05 1.66642358408085e-08 -4.29909520634416e-08 4.95298240422465e-08 -2.62364432140933e-05 -6.28870839700389e-08 1.52651889380179e-05 8.08563520366722e-05 2.3195367391933e-05 1.1804689412366e-08 1.00010692110933e-07 1.98020806117544e-08 LINE_OFF=7772.5 LINE_SCALE=7771.5 LONG_OFF=-77.13546672147527 LONG_SCALE=0.1165198796426168 SAMP_DEN_COEFF= 1 0.000472894792539169 0.000881419369988542 -7.53324742935084e-05 -3.46629852664066e-05 -4.87301506925132e-08 1.32614018054834e-08 -2.1872832721835e-07 1.49479836237352e-05 -6.59860144983547e-06 -1.48728353597154e-08 -3.52095449470832e-08 -2.14688694596795e-07 -3.3168465870712e-09 4.03572496745229e-08 3.97707771445365e-07 -1.15020506050241e-08 2.66109369887284e-09 1.05965377023676e-08 9.65442134520645e-10 SAMP_NUM_COEFF= -0.000434608495681351 1.00210264963283 -0.000281300697070519 0.000316194516045025 -0.000879304997048266 7.52970914458278e-05 -5.20633271426872e-05 -3.73769088263009e-05 0.00138775409674169 -2.73849487440847e-08 5.19133691835542e-08 -1.24502711479507e-05 -2.1363347686686e-05 -6.59563969341986e-06 5.20138704377129e-05 -3.41383248102939e-05 -2.02958513833057e-09 -3.71155366535213e-08 -2.25289299184377e-07 -2.06504369348464e-09 SAMP_OFF=5000.5 SAMP_SCALE=4999.5

Corner Coordinates: Upper Left ( -1.0000000, 3.0000000) Lower Left ( -1.000, -59997.000) Upper Right ( 37831.000, 3.000) Lower Right ( 37831.000, -59997.000) Center ( 18915.000, -29997.000) Band 1 Block=9458x1 Type=UInt16, ColorInterp?=Red

Min=0.000 Max=3924.000 Minimum=0.000, Maximum=3924.000, Mean=241.479, StdDev?=247.675 Metadata:

STATISTICS_MAXIMUM=3924 STATISTICS_MEAN=241.47873181735 STATISTICS_MINIMUM=0 STATISTICS_STDDEV=247.67541356986

Band 2 Block=9458x1 Type=UInt16, ColorInterp?=Green

Min=0.000 Max=3956.000 Minimum=0.000, Maximum=3956.000, Mean=300.351, StdDev?=253.536 Metadata:

STATISTICS_MAXIMUM=3956 STATISTICS_MEAN=300.35078661846 STATISTICS_MINIMUM=0 STATISTICS_STDDEV=253.53558755775

Band 3 Block=9458x1 Type=UInt16, ColorInterp?=Blue

Min=0.000 Max=4095.000 Minimum=0.000, Maximum=4095.000, Mean=348.032, StdDev?=266.569 Metadata:

STATISTICS_MAXIMUM=4095 STATISTICS_MEAN=348.03234066915 STATISTICS_MINIMUM=0 STATISTICS_STDDEV=266.56884586952

Band 4 Block=9458x1 Type=UInt16, ColorInterp?=Undefined}}}

{{{$ gdalinfo IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R2C1.TIF Driver: GTiff/GeoTIFF Files: IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R2C1.TIF

IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R2C1.TIF.aux.xml ./DIM_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002.XML ./RPC_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002.XML IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R2C1.TFW

Size is 9458, 544 Coordinate System is `' Origin = (-1.000000000000000,-59997.000000000000000) Pixel Size = (4.000000000000000,-4.000000000000000) Metadata:

METADATATYPE=DIMAP TIFFTAG_DATETIME=2015:12:23 18:32:39 TIFFTAG_IMAGEDESCRIPTION=B2 B1 B0 B3 TIFFTAG_XRESOLUTION=1 TIFFTAG_YRESOLUTION=1

Image Structure Metadata:

INTERLEAVE=PIXEL

RPC Metadata:

HEIGHT_OFF=45 HEIGHT_SCALE=95 LAT_OFF=38.87154971192919 LAT_SCALE=0.1416732123880315 LINE_DEN_COEFF= 1 0.00026341144632701 -9.80822136398733e-05 -2.35953356209866e-06 -1.62170380697022e-05 -1.22640028446246e-08 1.55023313626127e-07 -1.5537111237091e-05 4.58036130936434e-05 -2.31198284873618e-05 3.2864533726195e-09 -3.06927464009735e-08 2.08793797077866e-06 -1.21475710839433e-08 1.54788420545811e-07 -4.44599257156653e-07 1.70368489248657e-09 1.33031932377729e-10 -1.54424096736091e-08 1.05222239987211e-10 LINE_NUM_COEFF= -0.000119096471843013 0.00273796193211152 -1.00367656228961 -0.000859086493278233 0.000261713135774831 2.33979663689761e-07 -2.25402196362394e-06 -0.000340119441043266 2.19730836249524e-05 1.66642358408085e-08 -4.29909520634416e-08 4.95298240422465e-08 -2.62364432140933e-05 -6.28870839700389e-08 1.52651889380179e-05 8.08563520366722e-05 2.3195367391933e-05 1.1804689412366e-08 1.00010692110933e-07 1.98020806117544e-08 LINE_OFF=7772.5 LINE_SCALE=7771.5 LONG_OFF=-77.13546672147527 LONG_SCALE=0.1165198796426168 SAMP_DEN_COEFF= 1 0.000472894792539169 0.000881419369988542 -7.53324742935084e-05 -3.46629852664066e-05 -4.87301506925132e-08 1.32614018054834e-08 -2.1872832721835e-07 1.49479836237352e-05 -6.59860144983547e-06 -1.48728353597154e-08 -3.52095449470832e-08 -2.14688694596795e-07 -3.3168465870712e-09 4.03572496745229e-08 3.97707771445365e-07 -1.15020506050241e-08 2.66109369887284e-09 1.05965377023676e-08 9.65442134520645e-10 SAMP_NUM_COEFF= -0.000434608495681351 1.00210264963283 -0.000281300697070519 0.000316194516045025 -0.000879304997048266 7.52970914458278e-05 -5.20633271426872e-05 -3.73769088263009e-05 0.00138775409674169 -2.73849487440847e-08 5.19133691835542e-08 -1.24502711479507e-05 -2.1363347686686e-05 -6.59563969341986e-06 5.20138704377129e-05 -3.41383248102939e-05 -2.02958513833057e-09 -3.71155366535213e-08 -2.25289299184377e-07 -2.06504369348464e-09 SAMP_OFF=5000.5 SAMP_SCALE=4999.5

Corner Coordinates: Upper Left ( -1.000, -59997.000) Lower Left ( -1.000, -62173.000) Upper Right ( 37831.000, -59997.000) Lower Right ( 37831.000, -62173.000) Center ( 18915.000, -61085.000) Band 1 Block=9458x1 Type=UInt16, ColorInterp?=Red

Min=0.000 Max=3131.000 Minimum=0.000, Maximum=3131.000, Mean=303.059, StdDev?=222.224 Metadata:

STATISTICS_MAXIMUM=3131 STATISTICS_MEAN=303.05929724396 STATISTICS_MINIMUM=0 STATISTICS_STDDEV=222.22368384095

Band 2 Block=9458x1 Type=UInt16, ColorInterp?=Green

Min=0.000 Max=3071.000 Minimum=0.000, Maximum=3071.000, Mean=389.381, StdDev?=199.449 Metadata:

STATISTICS_MAXIMUM=3071 STATISTICS_MEAN=389.38147159371 STATISTICS_MINIMUM=0 STATISTICS_STDDEV=199.44912482837

Band 3 Block=9458x1 Type=UInt16, ColorInterp?=Blue

Min=0.000 Max=3020.000 Minimum=0.000, Maximum=3020.000, Mean=453.803, StdDev?=187.787 Metadata:

STATISTICS_MAXIMUM=3020 STATISTICS_MEAN=453.8029269754 STATISTICS_MINIMUM=0 STATISTICS_STDDEV=187.78652664007

Band 4 Block=9458x1 Type=UInt16, ColorInterp?=Undefined}}}

TFW files:

{{{$ cat IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R1C1.TFW 4.00000000000000 0 0 -4.00000000000000 1.00000000000000 1.00000000000000}}}

{{{$ cat IMG_PHR1A_MS_201509141606268_SEN_1627093101-002_R2C1.TFW 4.00000000000000 0 0 -4.00000000000000 1.00000000000000 -59999.00000000000000}}}

Change History (2)

Changed 4 years ago by edjansing

Properly stitched, not in CRS

Changed 4 years ago by edjansing

Improperly stitched, but in EPSG:4326 CRS

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