Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of TracUpgrade

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06/10/10 13:36:23 (4 years ago)
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  • TracUpgrade

    v1 v2  
    22[[TracGuideToc]] 
    33 
    4 A Trac environment sometimes needs to be upgraded before it can be used with a new version of Trac. This document describes the steps necessary to upgrade an environment. 
     4== Instructions == 
    55 
    6  '''Note''': ''Environment upgrades are not necessary for minor version releases unless otherwise noted. For example, there's no need to upgrade a Trac environment created with (or upgraded) 0.8.0 when installing 0.8.4 (or any other 0.8.x release).'' 
     6Typically, there are five steps involved in upgrading to a newer version of Trac: 
    77 
    8 == General Instructions == 
     8=== 1. Update the Trac Code === #UpdatetheTracCode 
    99 
    10 Typically, there are four steps involved in upgrading to a newer version of Trac: 
     10Get the new version as described in TracInstall, or your operating system specific procedure. 
    1111 
    12 === Update the Trac Code === 
     12If you installed a recent 0.11 version of Trac via {{{easy_install}}}, it might be the easiest to use it also to upgrade you Trac installation. 
    1313 
    14 Get the new version of Trac, either by downloading an offical release package or by checking it out from the [http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/wiki/SubversionRepository Subversion repository]. 
    15  
    16 If you're doing a major version upgrade (such as from 0.8 to 0.9), it is ''highly'' recommended that you first remove the existing Trac code. To do this, you need to delete the `trac` directory from the Python `lib/site-packages` directory. You may also want to remove the Trac `cgi-bin`, `htdocs`, `templates` and `wiki-default` directories that are commonly found in a directory called `share/trac` (the exact location depends on your platform). 
    17  
    18 If you have a source distribution, you need to run 
    1914{{{ 
    20 python setup.py install 
     15# easy_install --upgrade Trac 
    2116}}} 
    2217 
    23 to install the new version. If you've downloaded the Windows installer, you execute it, and so on. 
     18If you do a manual (not operating system specific) upgrade, you should also stop any running Trac server before the installation. Doing "hot" upgrades is not advised, especially not on Windows ([trac:ticket:7625 #7265]). 
    2419 
    25 === Upgrade the Trac Environment === 
     20You may also want to remove the pre-existing Trac code by deleting the `trac` directory from the Python `lib/site-packages` directory, or remove Trac .eggs from former versions. 
     21The location of the site-packages directory depends on the operating system, and the location in which Python was installed. However, the following locations are common: 
     22 * on Linux: /usr/lib/python2.X/site-packages 
     23 * on Windows: C:\Python2.X\lib\site-packages 
     24 * on MacOSX: /Library/Python/2.X/site-packages 
    2625 
    27 Unless noted otherwise, upgrading between major versions (such as 0.8 and 0.9) involves changes to the database schema, and possibly the layout of the [wiki:TracEnvironment environment directory]. Fortunately, Trac provides automated upgrade scripts to ease the pain. These scripts are run via [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin]: 
     26You may also want to remove the Trac `cgi-bin`, `htdocs`, `templates` and `wiki-default` directories that are commonly found in a directory called `share/trac` (the exact location depends on your platform). 
     27 
     28This cleanup is not mandatory, but it makes it easier to troubleshoot issues later on, as you won't waste your time looking at code or templates from a previous release that are not being used anymore... As usual, make a backup before actually deleting things. 
     29 
     30If you had the webadmin plugin installed, you can now uninstall it as it is now part of the Trac code base. 
     31 
     32=== 2. Upgrade the Trac Environment === #UpgradetheTracEnvironment 
     33 
     34Environment upgrades are not necessary for minor version releases unless otherwise noted.  
     35 
     36After restarting, Trac should show the instances which need a manual upgrade via the automated upgrade scripts to ease the pain. These scripts are run via [TracAdmin trac-admin]: 
    2837{{{ 
    2938trac-admin /path/to/projenv upgrade 
     
    3241This command will do nothing if the environment is already up-to-date. 
    3342 
    34 Note that if you are using a PostgreSQL database, this command will fail with the message that the environment can only be backed up when you use an SQLite database. This means that you will have to backup the repository and the database manually. Then, to perform the actual upgrade, run: 
     43Note that a backup of your database will be performed automatically prior to the upgrade.  
     44This feature is relatively new for the PostgreSQL or MySQL database backends, so if it fails, you will have to backup the database manually. Then, to perform the actual upgrade, run: 
    3545{{{ 
    3646trac-admin /path/to/projenv upgrade --no-backup 
    3747}}} 
    3848 
    39 === Update the Trac Documentation === 
     49If you are using custom CSS styles or modified templates in the templates directory of the TracEnvironment, you will need to convert them to the Genshi way of doing things. To continue to use your style sheet, follow the instructions at TracInterfaceCustomization#SiteAppearance. 
    4050 
    41 Every [wiki:TracEnvironment Trac environment] includes a copy of the Trac documentation for the installed version. As you probably want to keep the included documentation in sync with the installed version of Trac, [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin] provides a command to upgrade the documentation: 
     51=== 3. Update the Trac Documentation === #UpdatetheTracDocumentation 
     52 
     53Every [TracEnvironment Trac environment] includes a copy of the Trac documentation for the installed version. As you probably want to keep the included documentation in sync with the installed version of Trac, [TracAdmin trac-admin] provides a command to upgrade the documentation: 
    4254{{{ 
    4355trac-admin /path/to/projenv wiki upgrade 
     
    4658Note that this procedure will of course leave your `WikiStart` page intact. 
    4759 
    48 === Restart the Web Server === 
     60=== 4. Resynchronize the Trac Environment Against the Source Code Repository === 
    4961 
    50 In order to reload the new Trac code you will need to restart your web server (note this is not necessary for [wiki:TracCgi CGI]). 
    51  
    52 == Specific Versions == 
    53  
    54 The following sections discuss any extra actions that may need to be taken to upgrade to specific versions of Trac. 
    55  
    56 == From 0.9.x to 0.10.x == 
    57  
    58 Due to some changes in the Wiki syntax, you may notice that certain parts of your pages no longer work as expected: 
    59  * Previously, links to images would result in that image being embedded into the page. Since 0.10, links to images remain plain links. If you want to embed an image in the page, use the `[[Image]]` macro. 
    60  * You can no longer use `%20` in wiki links to encode spaces. Instead, you should quote the name containing spaces (for example, use `wiki:"My page"` instead of `wiki:My%20page`.) 
    61  
    62 Several enhancements have been made to the version control subsystem, in particular for the support of scoped repositories has been improved.  
    63 It is recommended that you perform a [TracAdmin#InteractiveMode trac-admin] '''`resync`''' operation to take advantage of these improvements. 
    64  
    65 Also note that the argument list of the [TracAdmin trac-admin] '''`initenv`''' command has changed: there's a new argument for determining the type of version control system. The old usage was: 
    66 {{{ 
    67    initenv <projectname> <db> <repospath> <templatepath> 
    68 }}} 
    69 The new usage is: 
    70 {{{ 
    71    initenv <projectname> <db> <repostype> <repospath> <templatepath> 
    72 }}} 
    73 If you're using any scripts that automate the creation of Trac environments, you will need to update them. If you're using Subversion, specify `svn` for the `<repostype>` argument. 
    74  
    75 == From 0.9.3 to 0.9.4 == 
    76  
    77 There is a bug in Pysqlite 1.x that causes reports using the "%" character for `LIKE` clauses or date formatting to fail.  You will need to use escape the percent characters with another: "%%". 
    78  
    79 == From 0.9.x to 0.9.3 or later == 
    80  
    81 If you are using plugins you might need to upgrade them. See http://projects.edgewall.com/trac/milestone/0.9.3 for further details. 
    82  
    83 == From 0.9-beta to 0.9 == 
    84  
    85 If inclusion of the static resources (style sheets, javascript, images) is not working, check the value of the `htdocs_location` in trac.ini. For [wiki:TracModPython mod_python], [wiki:TracStandalone Tracd] and [wiki:TracFastCgi FastCGI], you can simply remove the option altogether. For [wiki:TracCgi CGI], you should fix it to point to the URL you mapped the Trac `htdocs` directory to (although you can also remove it and then [wiki:TracCgi#MappingStaticResources map the static resources]). If you're still having problems after removing the option, check the paths in the `trac/siteconfig.py` file and fix them if they're incorrect. 
    86  
    87 If you've been using plugins with a beta release of Trac 0.9, or have disabled some of the built-in components, you might have to update the rules for disabling/enabling components in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini]. In particular, globally installed plugins now need to be enabled explicitly. See TracPlugins and TracIni for more information. 
    88  
    89 If you want to enable the display of all ticket changes in the timeline (the “Ticket Details” option), you now have to explicitly enable that in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini], too: 
     62Each [TracEnvironment Trac environment] must be resynchronized against the source code repository in order to avoid errors such as "[http://trac.edgewall.org/ticket/6120 No changeset ??? in the repository]" while browsing the source through the Trac interface: 
    9063 
    9164{{{ 
    92 [timeline] 
    93 ticket_show_details = true 
     65trac-admin /path/to/projenv resync 
    9466}}} 
    9567 
    96 == From 0.8.x to 0.9 == 
     68=== 5. Steps specific to a given Trac version  === 
     69==== Upgrading to Trac 0.11 ==== 
     70===== Site Templates ===== 
     71The templating engine has changed in 0.11, please look at TracInterfaceCustomization for more information. 
    9772 
    98 [wiki:TracModPython mod_python] users will also need to change the name of the mod_python handler in the Apache HTTPD configuration: 
     73===== Trac Macros, Plugins ===== 
     74The Trac macros will need to be adapted, as the old-style wiki-macros are not supported anymore (due to the drop of [trac:ClearSilver ClearSilver] and the HDF); they need to be converted to the new-style macros, see WikiMacros. When they are converted to the new style, they need to be placed into the plugins directory instead and not wiki-macros, which is no longer scanned for macros or plugins. 
     75 
     76===== For FCGI/WSGI/CGI users ===== 
     77For those who run Trac under the CGI environment, run this command in order to obtain the trac.*gi file: 
    9978{{{ 
    100    from: PythonHandler trac.ModPythonHandler 
    101    to:   PythonHandler trac.web.modpython_frontend 
     79trac-admin /path/to/env deploy /deploy/directory/path 
    10280}}} 
    10381 
    104 If you have [http://initd.org/tracker/pysqlite PySQLite] 2.x installed, Trac will now try to open your SQLite database using the SQLite 3.x file format. The database formats used by SQLite 2.8.x and SQLite 3.x are incompatible. If you get an error like ''“file is encrypted or is not a database”'' after upgrading, then you must convert your database file. 
     82This will create a deploy directory with the following two subdirectories: `cgi-bin` and `htdocs`. Then update your Apache configuration file `httpd.conf` with this new `trac.cgi` location and `htdocs` location. 
    10583 
    106 To do this, you need to have both SQLite 2.8.x and SQLite 3.x installed (they have different filenames so can coexist on the same system). Then use the following commands: 
     84=== 6. Restart the Web Server === #RestarttheWebServer 
     85 
     86If you are not running [wiki:TracCgi CGI], reload the new Trac code by restarting your web server. 
     87 
     88== Known Issues == 
     89 
     90=== parent dir === 
     91If you use a trac parent env configuration and one of the plugins in one child does not work, none of the children work. 
     92 
     93=== some core modules won't load ===  
     94This can happen in particular with Python 2.3 on Windows when upgrading without uninstalling first. 
     95Some modules were previously capitalized and were changed to lower case, e.g. trac/About.py became trac/about.py. You may find such messages in the Trac log: 
    10796{{{ 
    108  $ mv trac.db trac2.db 
    109  $ sqlite trac2.db .dump | sqlite3 trac.db 
     97ERROR: Skipping "trac.about = trac.about": (can't import "No module named about") 
    11098}}} 
     99Remove the `Lib/site-packages/trac` folder and reinstall. 
    111100 
    112 To update multiple database files at once on linux you may use the following command (replace {{{/var/trac}}} withe the location where your trac installtions reside): 
     101=== Wiki Upgrade === 
     102`trac-admin` will not delete or remove default wiki pages that were present in a previous version but are no longer in the new version. 
     103 
     104 
     105== Changing Database Backend == 
     106=== SQLite to PostgreSQL === 
     107 
     108The [http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/SqliteToPgScript sqlite2pg] script on [http://trac-hacks.org trac-hacks.org] has been written to assist in migrating a SQLite database to a PostgreSQL database 
     109 
     110== Older Versions == 
     111 
     112For upgrades from versions older than Trac 0.10, refer first to trac:wiki:0.10/TracUpgrade. 
     113 
     114Note that downgrading from Trac 0.11 to Trac 0.10.4 or 0.10.5 is easy, but has to be done manually, e.g. 
    113115{{{ 
    114  $ find /var/trac/ -iname "trac.db" | xargs -i bash -c "mv {} {}.2; sqlite {}.2 .dump | sqlite3 {};" 
     116$ sqlite3 db/trac.db "update system set value=20 where name='database_version'" 
    115117}}} 
    116  
    117 Remember the give the webserver write permission to trac.db. 
    118  
    119 After testing that the conversion was successful, the `trac2.db` file can be deleted. For more information on the SQLite upgrade see http://www.sqlite.org/version3.html. 
    120  
    121 == From 0.7.x to 0.8 == 
    122  
    123 0.8 adds a new roadmap feature which requires additional permissions. While a 
    124 fresh installation will by default grant ROADMAP_VIEW and MILESTONE_VIEW 
    125 permissions to anonymous, these permissions have to be granted manually when 
    126 upgrading: 
    127 {{{ 
    128  $ trac-admin /path/to/projectenv permission add anonymous MILESTONE_VIEW 
    129  $ trac-admin /path/to/projectenv permission add anonymous ROADMAP_VIEW 
    130 }}} 
     118(upgrade can be redone the normal way later on) 
    131119 
    132120-----