However the mdbtools package is currently unmaintened upstream and suffer from a few bugs that prevent the latest released version to be used successfully for the OGR PGeo driver. See also PGeo.
You can apply the below mdbtools-0.5.99.0.6pre1.0.20051109-odbc.patch patch on top of the Debian mdbtools_0.5.99.0.6pre1.0.20051109.orig.tar.gz to improve the situation a bit. Note that this patch is only of band-aid quality and that the implementation of SQLGetData() would require a non trivial amount of work to make it work reliably. Currently, this will truncate retrieve data to 512 characters, a limit which can be easily hit by geometies of type linestring or polygons.