Opened 8 years ago

Closed 2 months ago

Last modified 2 months ago

#3253 closed defect (fixed)

EHdr driver cannot read .clr files with holes and negative values

Reported by: lpinner Owned by: Even Rouault
Priority: low Milestone: 2.3.0
Component: GDAL_Raster Version: 1.6.2
Severity: normal Keywords: EHdr GDALColorTable
Cc: warmerdam


Colour table expansion does not seem to honour nodata values. The first colour table entry is being assigned to the lowest pixel value, which in this case is the nodata value (-32768), and it fails at the last pixel value as there is no corresponding colour table entry.

C:\WorkSpace\gdal>gdalinfo --version
GDAL 1.6.2, released 2009/07/31

C:\WorkSpace\gdal>gdalinfo testaus.bil
Driver: EHdr/ESRI .hdr Labelled
Files: testaus.bil
Size is 415, 340
Coordinate System is `'
Origin = (112.505000000000000,-10.004999999999999)
Pixel Size = (0.100000000000000,-0.100000000000000)
Corner Coordinates:
Upper Left  ( 112.5050000, -10.0050000)
Lower Left  ( 112.5050000, -44.0050000)
Upper Right ( 154.0050000, -10.0050000)
Lower Right ( 154.0050000, -44.0050000)
Center      ( 133.2550000, -27.0050000)
Band 1 Block=415x1 Type=Int16, ColorInterp=Palette
  Min=-500.000 Max=2000.000
  Minimum=-500.000, Maximum=2000.000, Mean=824.100, StdDev=741.800
  NoData Value=-32768
  Color Table (RGB with 25 entries)
    0: 127,40,65,255
    1: 154,168,118,255
    2: 172,218,120,255
    3: 82,77,117,255
    4: 245,192,117,255
    5: 222,0,86,255
    6: 191,173,69,255
    7: 14,110,243,255
    8: 102,86,25,255
    9: 97,139,179,255
   10: 211,152,39,255
   11: 141,88,211,255
   12: 225,127,60,255
   13: 128,244,208,255
   14: 162,132,156,255
   15: 193,78,134,255
   16: 202,170,254,255
   17: 6,252,240,255
   18: 157,235,249,255
   19: 183,201,168,255
   20: 91,144,146,255
   21: 153,252,228,255
   22: 243,122,213,255
   23: 14,105,160,255
   24: 145,97,47,255

C:\WorkSpace\gdal>gdal_translate -of JPEG -expand rgb testaus.bil testexp.jpg
Input file size is 415, 340
0ERROR 1: No entry 2000.

Attachments (1) (33.3 KB) - added by lpinner 8 years ago.

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Change History (10)

comment:1 Changed 8 years ago by lpinner

Ummm... title should actually be "Color table expansion does not honour nodata values", sorry.

Changed 8 years ago by lpinner

Attachment: added

comment:2 Changed 8 years ago by lpinner

Sorry, folks. The nodata value is actually zero. Still does not get honoured during colourtable expansion. Test files updated.

comment:3 Changed 8 years ago by warmerdam

Cc: Even Rouault added

Even, Any thoughts on this?

comment:4 Changed 8 years ago by Even Rouault

Summary: Color table expansion does honour nodata valuesEHdr driver cannot read .clr files with holes and negative values


the issue is not in the color expansion code. It's in fact a defect of the EHdr driver that doesn't correctly read the .clr file. The code currently ignores the first column of that file which at first sight contains the index value corresponding to the RGB triplet of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th column. It just supposes, without checking, that it's sequentially numbered from 0. But with this dataset, we have 2 problems : the first column is not sequentially numbered from 0 and some indices are negative (this is consistant with the values of the .bil). The first problem could be solved by reading the index and using it when calling SetColorEntry?(), but I don't see how the second one can be taken into account with the current color table model that only supports non negative index values... One possibility would be to use a raster attribute table when we detect that the .clr file cannot be correctly reported as a color table object.

comment:5 Changed 8 years ago by warmerdam

Keywords: EHdr GDALColorTable added
Priority: normallow


I concur with your analysis. The GDALColorTable is not ready for this sort of color table, and I doubt implementing it as a RAT would actually accomplish anything useful for anyone. I am inclined to do nothing unless we had some reason to believe that irregular .clr tables that still fit the GDALColorTable model are common. If I we had a real example of one of these we could at least use the first column setting the color entries.

For now I will do nothing.

comment:6 Changed 8 years ago by Even Rouault

According to the EHdr spec (, color tables with non sequentially numbered index are valid. I've also found that has .clr files with negative values. So in r18126, I've used the value of the first column to set the color entries, but only for positive values. Negative values are just ignored and a CPLDebug warning is issued for the first "invalid" index.

I've found a workaround to do the color expansion of the EHdr file with negative values. The gdaldem utility (new in GDAL 1.7.0) can recognize a .clr file as a valid color table description file ! You just need to add a new line with " 0 0 0 0" and try "gdaldem color-relief testaus.bil testaus.clr testaus_rgb.tif"

comment:7 Changed 8 years ago by warmerdam

Cc: warmerdam added; Even Rouault removed
Owner: changed from warmerdam to Even Rouault

comment:8 Changed 2 months ago by Even Rouault

Resolution: fixed
Status: newclosed

In 41778:

EHDr: support reading/writing .clr as/from RAT (fixes #3253)

comment:9 Changed 2 months ago by Even Rouault

Milestone: 2.3.0
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